超全的303条结构类型的短语,总结得太好了,必须收藏!

2019-01-28 10:04:37 0

文章按照字母顺序排列,所以可以以26个字母为序做索引,直接定位到想找的地方。以下就是全部内容:


1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look  at (感官动词)+  do 

eg  :I  like   watching  monkeys  jump  
2 (比较级 and 比较级)  表示越来越怎么样 
3 a piece of cake =easy  小菜一碟(容易) 
4 agree with sb  赞成某人 
5 all kinds of  各种各样   a kind of   一样 
6 all over the world = the whole world    整个 世界 
7 along with  同……一道,伴随……   
eg : I will go along with you  我将和你一起去  
the students planted trees along with their teachers  

学生同老师们一起种树 


8 As soon as   一怎么样就怎么样 
9 as you can see 你是知道的 
10 ask for ……求助  向…要…(直接接想要的东西)

eg :  ask you for my book   
11 ask sb for sth   向某人什么    
12 ask sb to do sth  询问某人某事          

ask sb not to do  叫某人不要做某事 
13 at the age of     在……岁时         

eg:I am sixteen      I am at the age of sixteen    
14 at the beginning of ……       

……的起初;……的开始 
15 at the end of +地点/+时间   最后;尽头;末尾

eg : At the end of the day 
16 at this time of year   在每年的这个时候 


17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句    

感觉/对什么有信心,自信   
eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English   

I feel that I can pass the test 
18 be + doing  表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时 
19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原)  能够……     eg :  She is able to sing         She can sing       
20 be able to do sth  能够干什么   

eg :she is able to sing   
21 be afraid to do (of sth   恐惧,害怕……  

eg : I'm afraed to go out at night     

I'm afraid of dog 


22 be allowed to do  被允许做什么 
eg:  I'm   allowed  to  watch   TV     

我被允许看电视

I   should   be  allowed  to  watch  TV  

我应该被允许看电视 
23 be angry with sb  生某人的气    

eg : Don't be angry with me   
24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth   

为什么而生某人的气 


25 be as…原级…as  和什么一样   

eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高 
26 be ashamed to     
27 be away from   远离 
28 be away from  从……离开 
29 be bad for  对什么有害  

eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes  

在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好 
30 be born  出生于 


31 be busy doing sth  忙于做什么事      

be busy with sth   忙于…… 
32 be careful  当心;小心 
33 be different from……  和什么不一样 
34 be famous for  以……著名 
35 be friendly to sb   对某人友好 
36 be from = come from  来自    
eg :He is from Bejing      He comes from Bejing      Is he from Bejing ?       Does he come from Bejing ? 
37 be full of   装满……的        be filled with  充满

eg:  the glass is full of water       

the glass is filled with water


38 be glad+to+do/从句 
39 be going to + v(原)   将来时 
40 be good at(+doing) = do well in     

在某方面善长, 善于…… 
41 be good for  对什么有好处  

eg : Reading aloud is good for your English  
42 be happy to do             很高兴做某事 
43 be helpful to sb  对某人有好处  
eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you  

大声朗读对你有好处    
Exercising is helpful to your bady  

锻炼对你的身体有好处 


44 be in good health      身体健康 
45 be in trouble   处于困难中  

eg : She is in trouble      They are in tronble   
46 be interested in   对某方面感兴趣 
47 be late for = come late to 迟到 

eg: Be late for class   上课迟到 
48 be like  像……    eg : I'm like my mother 
49 be mad at     生某人的气 
50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料) 
51 be made of  由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)   


52 be not sure 表不确定 
53 be on a visit to  参观 
54 be popular with sb   受某人欢迎 
55 be quiet  安静 
56 be short for  表**的缩写   

eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰 
57 be sick in bed  生病在床 
58 be sorry to do sth     be sorry for sb 

eg : I am sorry for you    
59 be sorry to hear that 
60 be sorry to trouble sb      

eg : I am sorry to trouble you   


61 be strict in doing  sth  严于做某事   

eg : He's strict in obeying noles 
62 be strict with sb   对某人要求严格   

eg: Some students are not strict with them selves   这些学生对自己不严格 
63 be strict with sb in sth    某方面对某人严格 


64 be supposed to do   被要求干什么 
65 be sure   表确定 
66 be sure of doing sth     对做某事有信心    

eg: He is sure of winning     

I am sure of learning English well   
67 be sure of sth  对做某事有信心    

eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher   

我相信我的大脑(老师) 

68 be sure that sth  对做某事有信心   

eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test   

我相信他能通过考试 
69 be sure to do sth  一定会做某事    
eg: We are sure to pass the test  

我们一定会通过这次考试     

We are sure to learn English well  

我们一定能学好英语 


70 be terrified of + 名/动doing   害怕……      

71 be terrified to do sth     害怕做某事   
72 be the same as …    和什么一样 
73 be used to doing sth  习惯做某事   
eg: My father is used to getting up early  

爸爸习惯早起    

He is used to sleeping in class  

他习惯上课睡觉      

74 be worth doing  值得做什么 
75 be(feel) afraid to do sth    害怕做某事

be afraid of sth     害怕某物    

be afraid that   丛句


76 because+句子        because of +短语  
eg : He was late because he had a headache           He was late because of his headache 
77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事  start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么  
eg : Let's begin the game with the song     

I begin to go home   
78 between…and…  两者之间 
79 borrow sth from sb  向……借……    

lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth   借给……什么东西   
eg : I borrowed a pen from him   

he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen  


80 both = the same(as) = not different(from)  表相同 
81 bother  打扰   bother sb to do sth     
eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station   我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站 
the problem has been bothering me for weeks  

这个问题困扰了我几个周了 
82 by the end of   到……为止 
83 call sb sth  eg : We call him old wang 
84 care  关心  

eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?

你为什么不关心国家的未来 


85 catch up with sb  赶上某人 
86 chat with sb  和某人闲谈     

take sb to + 地点   带某人去某地 
87 come in  进来 
88 come over to   过来 
89 come up with  提出   

eg: Can you come up with a good idea  

你能想出一个好办法吗? 
90 communicate with sb 和某人交流 
91 consider + doing  考虑做什么  

eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou  

为什么不考虑去泸州? 


92 dance to  随着……跳舞  eg : She likes dancing to the music  她喜欢随着音乐跳舞 
93 decide to do sth 决定做某事
94 do a survey of   做某方面的调查 
95 do better in   在……方面做得更好 
96 do wrong  做错  
97 Don't forget to do sth  不要忘了做某事 
98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词    不要介意…… 
99 each +名(单)每一个……    

eg : Each student has many books  

每一个学生都有一些书 


100 end up +doing   
101 enjoy +doing  喜欢 
102 escape from  从……逃跑   
eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison  

犯人从监狱里逃跑出来
Some gas is escaping from the pipe  

有一些气体从管子里冒出 
103 expect to do sth  期待做某事 
104 fall down  摔下来      fall off  从哪摔下来 
105 fall in love with sb /sth     爱上什么 
106 far from  离某地远    

eg : The school is far from my home   
107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样 
108 find sb/sth +adj   发现什么怎么样?   

eg : I find the book interesting  
109 finish 完成+doing(名词) 
110 fit to sb = be fit for sb  适合某人 
111 forget to do 没有做而忘了     

forget doing  做了而又忘了    

eg: Don't forget to go home      

I forget closing door 


112 from…to…  从某某到某某    

eg: From me for her   
113 get/have sth down  做完,被(别人)做……      
eg: I have my hair cut  我理了发(头发被剪了)    
Tom got his bad tooth pulled out  

汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) 
114 get a part-time job  = find a part-time  job 
115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb   与某人相处得好 
116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 
117 get ready for = be ready for   为什么而准备    

eg : I get ready for math       

I am ready for math     


118 get sb in to trouble   给某人麻烦 
119 get sb to do sth 
120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 
121 give a talk  做报告  eg:  He is give a tall 
122 give sth to sb       give sb sth   给某人某物 
123 go fish  钓鱼   go swimming  游泳 
124 go on to do  去做下一件事       go on doing  继续做这件事 
125 go out away from       go out of    
126 go to school   上学(用于专业的)   

go to the school   去学校(不一定是上学)  
127 good way to  好方法 
128 hate to do  讨厌没做过的事     

hate doing    讨厌做过的事  
129 have a party for sb    举办谁的晚会 
130 have a talk   听报告   谈一谈   
131 have been doing   现在完成进行时      

eg :  You have been talking        

You have been sleeping since   


132 have been to …(  地方)…去过某过地方          

have gone to …(地方)  去了某地还没回来 
133 have fun +doing  玩得高兴 
134 have sth to do  有什么事要做   
eg: I have a lot of homework to do  

我有很多家庭作业要做      
I have nothing to do  我没什么事情做 
135 have to do sth   必须做某事 
136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth  

做什么事情有麻烦 


137 have…time +doing    
138 have…(时间)…off   放……假   

eg: I have month off  我请一个月得假 
139 hear sb +do/doing  听见某人做某事/正在做某事 
140 help a lot    很大用处 
141 help sb with sth one's sth  帮助某人某事(某方面)  help sb (to) do sth  帮助某人做某事 
142 hope to do sth   希望做某事 
143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing) 
144 how do you like  = what do you think of     

你对什么的看法 


145 if : 是否=wether    
eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party  

我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会 
He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time  tomorrow morning  

他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达 
146 if :如果   
eg:  I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain  

假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州  
If they change the plan they will let me know 

假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的 
I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year  

如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国 


147 in one's opinion = sb think  某人认为 
148 in some ways    在某些方面 
149 in the end = finally(adv)   最后 
150 in the north of…  什么在什么的北方   (north 北     sowth 南   west 西   east 东 ) 
151 in the sun  在太阳下 


152 increase  增加       
eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3%      他们把石油价增加了3%      
the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now 
153 instead of  +(名 ) 代替    
eg:  I'd like an apple instead of a pear  

我想要苹果,而不要梨子 
I like English instead of math   

我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学 


154 introduce sb to sb  介绍某人给某人   introduce oneself  自我介绍 
155 invite sb to do sth  邀请某人做某事 
156 It takes sb sometime to do sth    做某人花掉某人多少时间     
eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework     

It takes me half an hour to cook 


157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth      

对某人来说做某事怎么样 
158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样 
159 It's +adj for sb   对于某人来说怎么样      

It's  +adj  of  sb   对某人来说太怎么样 
160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样         

It's +adj of sb to do sth  对某人来说做某事太怎么样  
eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English  

161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth  

对……  来说是个好主意 
162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要   

eg: It's important to me 
163 It's time to do sth     It's time for sth   

到了该去做某事的时间   
eg : It's time to have class       

It's time for class   该去上课了 


164 join = take part in   参加 
165 just now  刚才 
166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语     

让什么保持什么样? 
167 keep out    不让 …… 进入 
168 keep sb adj  让……保持…… 

eg: I want to keep my mother happy   

keep healthy  保持健康  
169 key to +名词    表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案 
170 key to…     anser  to …             

key   可以是答题或钥匙


171 laugh at… 取笑……        

eg : Don't langh at others     

We langhed at the joke    
172 learn by oneslfe  自学 
173 learn from sb  向某人学习  

eg: We should learn from Lei Feng 
174 learn to do sth   学做某事    
175 let sb do sth  让某人做某事 
176 Let sb down  让某人失望  

eg : We shouldn't let our farents down  

我们不应该让我们的父母失望 


177 live from :离某地远  
178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方      居住在某地    

eg: I live in LuZhou   She lives at XuanTan 
179 look after = take care of   照顾 照看 
180 lose one's way     谁 迷 路     

eg : Lose your way   你迷路 


181 make a decision to do sth     决定做某事 
182 make friends with sb   和谁成为朋友    

eg :  I want to make friends with you  
183 make it early  把时间定的早一点 
184 make on exhibition of oneself  让某人出洋相 
185 make sb /n +n  使什么成为什么    

eg  : I made her my step moller      

I made you my wife 
186 make sb /sth +adj   使某人(某物)怎么样   

eg :  You must made your bed clean   
187 make sb /sth adj    使某人/某物怎么样 
188 make sb do sth  让某人做某事  

eg : I made him write  我以前让他写 
189 make up     

 be made up of (被动语态)由……组成 
190 make…difference  to… 


191 mind sb to do     

mind one's doing  介意……做什么   
192 most +名        most of +代      
193 much too +形容词 
194 must be  一定 
195 need +名词 
196 need sb do sth     需要某人做某事 
197 need to do (实义动词)    need do (情态动词) 


198 no /neithr of hate to do          

no /neithr of hate doing     
199 no +名词 
200 not anymore = no more    再也不……   

eg: He didn't cry any more     He cried no more    他再也不哭
201 not… (形 、副)at all      

eg: He's not tall at all    

she doesn't junp far at all   
202 not…at all 一点都不 
203 not…either   表否定,也不  eg : I don't japanse either   I don't have sister, either    我也没有姐姐 
204 not…until       直到……才……   
eg:  I didn't sleep until my mother came back      

The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar  

 

205 offer / provide sb with sth  给某人提供 
206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb  提供什么东西给某人 

eg : I offer you water (I offer water to you   我给你提供水 
207 on one's way to…  在谁去那的路上 
208 on the one hand   一方面       

on the other hand    另一方面 
209 on the phone = over the phone   用电话交谈 
210 on time 准时   in time  及时 


211 one day =some day =someday    

一天,有一天 
212  one of +可数名词的复数形式 
213 one to another  一个到另一个    
214 over and over agin   一遍又一遍的    

eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin    


215 part-time job   兼职工作     

fall-time job  全职工作 
216 pay for…  付……钱           

pay the bill  开钱  ,付钱 
217 please +do   
218 please help yourself 
219 pleased with sb    
220 pool into = pore into 
221 practice +doing     练习做某事 


222 prefer sth to sth  相对……更喜欢……   

eg : I prefer physics to chemisty 

在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理    

    
prefer doing to sth  更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…  

eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving 

他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车 


prefer to do sth rather than do sth  宁愿做…也不愿 
eg:  My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one  我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车 


prefer sb not to do sth  更愿意…   

eg: I prefer her not to come  我不喜欢她不来


223 pretend to do sth  装着去做什么  pretend that  从句       
eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard  这两个骗子装着努力工作 
He pretended that he did not know the answer  

他装着不知道答案


224 rather…than  宁可……也不……  

eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher  

我愿肯当医生,也不当老师 
He likes dogs rather than cats  他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫 
225 regard…as    把……当作……       
eg: Please give my best regards to your family   请带我向你的家人我最好的问候    
I regard you as my friend   我把你当作我的朋友  
He shows little regard for others   他不爱关心别人

 
226 remid sb about sth  提醒某人什么事   remid sb to do sth  提醒某人做某事  
eg : he remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook   他提醒我做饭 
227 remid sb of sth 使某人想起什么    
 eg : the pictures remind me of my school days  这照片使我想起了我的学校  
the words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother 


228 return sth to sb  还什么东西给某人 
229 say to oneself   对自己说 
230 say to sb 对某人说 


231 sb spend somemoney on sth  

花了多少钱在某事上 
232 sb spend sometime with sb   花了多少时间陪谁 
233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth   花了多少时间做某事 
234 sb with sb +is     sb and sb +are  
235 see sb do   看见某人做过某事     

see sb doing    看见某人正在做某事 
236 seem to do/be +adj  显得怎么样    

eg :  You seem to be tired       

You seem to be happy   


237 send +sb sth   送给某人某物 
238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去? 
239 shock 使……震惊  eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock  啊,是你呀!吓我一跳 
240 show sb sth  向某人展示某物     eg : I show her the book. 
241 show sb sth = show sth to sb  拿什么东西给某人看  eg:  Show me your pen     Show your pen to me    
242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物   eg : I show the book to her. 
243 some…others…   一些……另一些…… 
244 start…with…  从……开始           

begin…with…  从……开始 


245 stay away from  远离……      
eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo  当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物 

246 stop doing 停下正在做的事 
247 stop sb from doing sth  阻止某人做某事 
248 stop sb(from) doing    阻止某人做某事 
249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事 
250 such +名     这样  ,这种 
251 suit sb  适合某人 
252 surprise sb   使某人惊奇      

to one's surprise  令某人惊奇 


253 take classes  上课 
254 take sb to 把某人带去   

eg : I take you to the hospital 
255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk  散步 
256 ①talk to 对谁说  eg : I talk to you             

② talk with  和谁说  eg : I talk with him    
③ talk of   谈到   eg : we talked of you      

④ talk  about  谈论关于…… 


257 talk with sb  和某人说话 
258 teach sb sth    教某人做某事 
259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事 
260 tell sb sth      tell sb that 丛句       

tell sb not to do sth         tell a story      
261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事 
262 tell sb to do sth   告诉某人做什么       

tell sb not to do sth    告诉某人不要做什么 
263 tell…from… 
264 thank you for +doing 
265 the same +名词(doing)+as…… 
266 the same…(名)…as               

as…(adj adv)…as  相同


267 the way to do sth = 

the way of doing sth   做某方面 的方法

the way to +地方  去哪的路        
e g :  Do  you know the way to learn English         

Do you know the way of learning English   


268 the way to…(地点)  到哪的路 
269 too…to…  太怎样而不能……      

adj +enough to 足够…能…     

so…that +丛句   太…  所以…      
eg: He is too young to go to school  =  He is so young that he can't go to school   
He is old enough to go to school  = He is so old that he can go to school  


270 transalte ……into……  把什么翻译成什么  

eg : Trasalte English into chinese  
271 travel with sb  和某人去旅游 
272 try one's best to do sth  尽某人最大的努力去做某事  eg: I will try my best to learn English well  
273 try to do sth  想干什么,但没成功   

try doing sth  想干什么,已经做过了  
eg :He tried to climb  他想爬上去,但没成功   

He tried climbing  他想爬上去 

274 try…试衣服           have a try   试一下 


275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up  开大 
276 turn off 关上 ←→  turn on 打开       open  拆开 
277 upside down  倒着 
278 visit to…  参观某个地方 
279 wait for sb   等某人 
280 wait for sb to do sth  等某人做什么   wait for sb  等某人   wait for sometime  等多少时间   
eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready  

等我准备好,好吗? 
Let's wait for the rain to stop  让我们等雨停吧 


281 wake sb up   把某人叫醒 
282 want to do sth 想做某事 
283 watch sb do sth    观看某人做某事 
284 welcome to +…(地方)    欢迎到…… 
285 what about +n /doing   eg : what about an apple   
286 what if  如果……怎么办    What if +句子    
eg : What if it is true ? 如果是真的怎么办? 
What if aliens should come to the earth 

假如外星人来到地球怎么办? 
287 what they will do = what to do  
288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ? 

= What's wrong ?  有什么困难? 


289 while +延续性动词 
290 why don't you do = why not do       
291 will you please do      will you please not do   
292 with one's best = with the help of sb        在某人的帮助下 
293 with the help of sb  在某人的帮助下    with one's help     
294 work at…在某处工作 
295 work with sb  和某人一起工作 


296 would like sth /to do sth    

eg : I would like to go to LuZhou


297 would you please +do


298 yet :至今 ,用在否定句中


299 you'd better do 最好做某事 = 

you'd better not do 最好不要做某事 


300 不定式 +v(原) 


301 联系动词(taste吃起来/sound听起来/look看起来/semll闻起来)+adj 


302 名词、副词、 形容词修饰 enongh 时, 形容词放在之前 , 名词 副词放在之后

  
303 太多 too much +不可数     

too many +可数             

much too 相当于 very ,修饰形容词 


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